MIUR International Project ESS (European Spallation Source)

The European Spallation Source (ESS), included in the ESFRI (European Strategy Forum on Research Infrastructures) Roadmap since 2006, will be the most intense neutron source worldwide. It is a pan-European infrastructure aimed at hosting a community of about 5000 scientists. The low energy neutron beams that will be made available will allow new experimental opportunities for real time, in situ, in vivo measurements, including measurements of dynamic events at the nanometric scale. From the technical point of view, the project is based on the production of neutrons by the spallation reaction of protons on a rotating tungsten target. The proton pulse on the target will be characterized by an energy of 2.5 GeV, a duration of 2.86 ms and a frequency of 14 Hz (current 50 mA, total power on the target 5MW, peak power 125 MW). The European Commission funded with 5 M€ the Preparatoy Phase of ESS. The laboratory will be constructed in Lund (Sweden). The construction end is planned for 2019 and the opening to the users for 2025, to be followed by 40 years of operation.

Other Italian public research institutions involved

The Italian participation in ESS includes the contribution by three institutions: INFN, Elettra Sincrotrone Trieste and CNR. Furthermore, Elettra Sincrotrone Trieste involved CNISM, INSTM and the Synchrotron Light and Neutron Spectroscopy Italian Societies in the call for the PIKs (Progetti In-Kind).

Other organizations and stakeholders involved

Italy and other 16 European Union countries participate in ESS, as agreed within an ad hoc Memorandum of Understanding.

Strategic objectives

  • Participation in the realization of a facility for the fine analysis of matter based on high flux neutron spectroscopy.
  • Development of the competitiveness of the Italian industrial system in the fields of energy, scientific instrumentation and technical quality control.
  • Strengthening of the international scientific user community that will exploit the innovative European Spallation Source facility, also through the hands on training of young scientists and technicians.
  • Implementation and formalization of the Italian involvement as in-kind contribution to the design and construction.

Last Updated on Wednesday, 02 November 2016 12:23