Workshops, Conferences and Schools 2008

The events marked with an asterisk(*) are supported within the N2 Networking Activity of the I3 Project IA-SFS. The requests for financial support must be submitted through one of the Member Representatives or one of the User Delegates

Workshops/Conferences


Fifth International Workshop on X-ray Damage to Biological Crystalline Samples*
March 3rd-5th, 2008
Villigen, Switzerland

The Fifth International Workshop on X-ray Radiation Damage to Biological Crystalline Samples will be held at the Swiss Light Source from March 3rd to March 5th 2008.
This series of workshops was originally concerned with the effects of radiation damage during investigation of protein structures by X-ray crystallography. Other techniques of structural biology are now being included to ensure greater information exchange. The workshop will therefore be of interest to all those using ionising radiation to examine biological structures at the molecular and cellular level.
Topics under discussion will include:

  • Progress in the understanding of radiation damage in PX
  • Reducing or mitigating radiation damage
  • Correcting for the effects of radiation damage
  • Radiation chemistry and radiolysis of biological molecules
  • Spectroscopies for studying radiation damage processes
  • Radiation damage in EM and EC
  • Radiation damage in XAS, SAXS and X-ray microscopy

The organizers are Clemens Schulze-Briese, Elspeth Garman, Colin Nave, Sean McSweeney, Raimond Ravelli, Gerd Rosenbaum and Soichi Wakatsuki.



P O C P A 1st Workshop on POwer Converters for Particle Accelerator*
May 19th-21st, 2008
Trieste, Italy

Power Converters are critical components in the performance and the operation of Particle Accelerators.
POCPA Workshop devoted to the specific field of POwer Converters for Particle Accelerators aimed to group specialists in this field from the particle accelerator laboratories for a two-days meeting and to organize a true "round table" on selected topics.
The 1st POCPA workshop will address the issue of the reliability (MTBF and MTTR) of the power equipments in particle accelerators.

The sessions 1 and 2 are devoted to this specific subject and the presentations from various laboratories will address the following questions: What are the measured MTBF and MTTR values in the different machines? Maintenance organization (spare parts policy, stand-by service, mitigation of long MTTR,…). What was done to improve? What will be done in the future? How to design new power converters to reach high reliability?

The sessions 3 and 4 are reserved for presentations from the laboratories. The idea is to have presentations on the present developments or consolidations to share experience and to get advices for colleagues.

It is expected up to 30 participants.



XRM 2008 - 9th International Conference on X-Ray Microscopy*
July 21st-25th, 2008
Zürich, Switzerland

Scope:
X-ray microscopy is a rapidly expanding field. Thanks to advances in synchrotron and laboratory based x-ray sources and to improvements in x-ray optics, it is now possible to investigate matter with x-rays down to spatial scales of a few 10nm. By exploiting polarization, phase and tunable energy of the x-rays a wealth of imaging and contrast mechanisms are available.
Using emerging techniques like coherent imaging and ever improving focussing devices spatial resolutions below 10nm seem feasable in the near future.
XRM2008 will bring together the world wide community working on instrumentation and application of x-ray microscopy. It will serve as a forum to present the current status and discuss future directions. XRM2008 follows a series of highly successfull conferences which has started in Göttingen 1984.
To broaden the view of people working in the field of x-ray microscopy, XRM2008 will also feature non x-ray based microscopy techniques. This will hopefully stimulate collaborations and further progress in the field.

Topics:

* Applications of X-Ray Microscopy
  • Biology and medical sciences
  • Materials and surface sciences
  • Soft condensed matter
  • Mineralogy, earth and planetary sciences
  • Environmental science
* Methods and Novel Approaches
  • Focussing and imaging optics
  • Micro-tomography
  • Coherent and phase-contrast imaging
* X-Ray Microscopy Instrumentation
  • Developement of new microscopes
  • Micro- and nanometer and x-ray optics
  • X-ray sources, optical elements and detectors
* Alternative Techniques
  • Visible light microscopy (sub diffraction limited near- and far-field microscopy)
  • Scanning probe techniques
  • Aberration corrected electron microscopy
  • Scattering techniques (small- and ultra-small angle scattering)
  • X-ray imaging in astronomy


LEEM-PEEM6*
September 7th-11th, 2008
Trieste, Italy

LEEM-PEEM is a biennial meeting reviewing the status of LEEM, PEEM, SPLEEM, XPEEM and related techniques. It aims at promoting and disseminating applications of cathode lens microscopy to a broad audience of interested scientists. The workshop will highlight the most recent scientific advances as well as instrumental developments. Topics will cover thin films, steps on surfaces, magnetism, time resolved LEEM/PEEM, surface science, nanostructures, two-photon photoemission, applications of XPEEM in biology, geology and medicine and other subject areas.
The 6th LEEM-PEEM workshop is organised by the Synchrotron Light Laboratory Elettra, Trieste, Italy.



EMBO pratical course on "X-ray Crystal Structure Determination of Macromolecules"*
September 14th-20th, 2008
Saint Aubin, Italy

The automation of X-ray crystal structure determination has opened the field to an ever-increasing audience of molecular biologists.
This has made macromolecular crystallography an interdisciplinary science, but many novices still stumble along the way to structure determination. This course will provide the tools to remove most of these stumbling blocks.
The course aims to give a basic understanding of the determination of a macromolecular structure by X-ray crystallography.
The programme will guide the participants through the process of crystallization, X-ray data collection, structure determination and validation/interpretation.
Practicals on crystallization and hands-on data collection on a state-of-the art synchrotron beamline will be combined with tutorials and lectures from experts in the field.
Facilities will be provided for participants to present their own research and to consult experts to overcome any obstacles they encounter.
At the end of the course participants should feel confident enough to complete the determination of their own crystal structures.



XAS08 - Workshop on X-ray absorption spectroscopy and advanced XAS techniques*
October 6th-10st, 2008
Villigen, Switzerland

The main goal of the 3rd annual XAS workshop is to discuss basic aspects of X-ray absorption spectroscopy in combination with advanced XAS techniques, including new methods (e.g., XES, standing waves), advanced experimental strategies as well as innovative data analysis concepts.

The workshop will provide a stimulating forum to present new ideas, discuss future perspectives, and establish new collaborations. The meeting brings together experienced synchrotron users with potential future users of different scientific back- grounds (e.g., material science, biogeochemistry, catalysis, solid state chemistry or biology).

The workshop will combine invited talks with poster contributions. A tour through the SLS will be organized, allowing participants to take a close look at the experimental facilities available at the Swiss Light Source and to discuss potential experiments with the beamline scientists.

In addition to the meeting, two extensive tutorials on XAS data analysis will be given by Bruce Ravel (IFEFFIT – Athena and Artemis) and Thorsten Ressler (WinXAS).

The main workshop will take place on Tuesday, October 7th and Wednesday, October 8th at the Swiss Light Source (PSI, Villigen, Switzerland). The WinXAS course will be held on Monday, October 6th, while the IFEFFIT course will take place Thursday and Friday, October 9th and 10th.



2nd Workshop on X-ray and XUV Active Optics*
October 9th-11th, 2008
Trieste, Italy

The purpose of this second workshop is to bring together manufacturers, optical and mechanical engineers, designers and users, of active and adaptive optics, in order to exchange ideas, highlight possible problems and challenges linked to its use and try to find a way to overcome its current limitations. New or potential users of active optics will have a strong feedback from well experienced specialists to have a clear review on the advantages and disadvantages of this advanced type of optical set up. An important part of the meeting will be dedicated to the use of adaptive optics, to improve the performance and the experiment of the new SR and FEL sources, and to review the new results and the improvement made in the last two years.



Time Resolved Studies with Synchrotron and FEL Radiation*
November 24th-25th, 2008
Trieste, Italy

The Workshop entitled “Time-resolved Studies with Synchrotron and FEL Radiation” was a satellite event of the XVI Elettra Users Meeting. This workshop was focussed on the review of the current state and outlook of experiments in the time domain with synchrotron and Free Electron Laser (FEL) radiation. The scope of this workshop was to stimulate participation by users in the possibilities offered now and in the ones being offered in the next future by FERMI@elettra, a FEL facility currently is under construction in Trieste.
FERMI@elettra will start to provide light to users within a short time. The most outstanding characteristics of the FERMI photon pulses are the very short (sub-picosecond) time width, the overwhelmingly high intensity and, thanks to the innovative “seeded” scheme, the almost Gaussian time-space profiles and high stability. FERMI will be worldwide the only facility able to provide such photon pulses in the VUV and soft x-ray regions of the electromagnetic spectrum, where no other sources can offer comparable characteristics. This will open up exceptional opportunities for time resolved experiments.
As part of the scientific preparation for FERMI, two laser-based experimental systems for time-resolved experiments have been installed at Elettra, on the Gas Phase and BACH beamlines. Thus users can already perform experiments on the characteristic time scale (nanosecond) of the Elettra synchrotron time structure, and on even shorter scales in the near future.
Selection of speakers was made by the organizing committee. They include outstanding scientists working on subjects as diverse as protein dynamics, microscopy, atomic and molecular science, warm dense matter and solid state physics. All of the reviewed studies were performed using different kinds of time resolved experimental techniques based on third generation synchrotron light sources and FELs. Reports on the status of Elettra and Fermi were given as well. The speakers, the organizers and the users’ assembly were also involved in a round table discussion focused on the needs of the community of potential FERMI@elettra users.



Emerging Applications of Synchrotron Radiation in the Life Sciences*
November 25th-26th, 2008
Trieste, Italy

The interface between physics and biology is one of the fastest growing and most successful areas of science. Although novel techniques are increasingly expanding the range of information that can be obtained on biological samples, many life scientists are still unaware of the potentialities offered by synchrotron radiation methods and their ability to provide data at the molecular, chemical, cellular or tissue level. The aim of the workshop is to bridge the gap between beamline and life scientists, and to stimulate the interest of new potential users towards emerging synchrotron radiation methods, including x-ray diffraction and small angle scattering, x-ray imaging and microscopy, infrared spectromicroscopy, x-ray absorption and x-ray microfluorescence. Speakers will provide a basic introduction on the physical principles and the kind of information that can be obtained by each method, keeping in mind the non-expert audience. Case studies will also be discussed to illustrate the possibilities offered by these techniques in terms of biological results, from molecular biology to medicine.



Schools


School on Synchrotron X-ray and IR Methods Focusing on Environmental Sciences*
January 21st-23rd, 2008
Karlsruhe, Germany
Synchrotron radiation-based techniques are increasingly employed in environmental sciences. The development of remediation technologies and the assessment of waste disposal strategies including radioactive waste require characterization of contaminants on a molecular scale.
The school intends to bring together specialists on synchrotron methods with students, postdoctoral researchers and also senior scientists who deal with environmental questions and are interested to learn how to apply synchrotron based methods in solving them. Experience with synchrotron methods is not a prerequisite.
Topics to be covered include synchrotron based techniques such as X-ray microscopy, X-ray absorption spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction, X-ray fluorescence analysis, and Infrared spectroscopy. Applications in environmental science will be presented for each of the methods.
A special challenge is the chemical and mineralogical characterisation of complex samples, e.g., contaminated soils, consisting of mixtures of minerals with micro or nano-scale particle sizes, microbes, and plants. It will be shown how a combination of microfocused synchrotron radiation techniques reveal spatial distribution of minerals, speciation, and phase association of trace levels in such heterogeneous samples. The spatially resolved analysis of heavy metal pollutants incorporated to the human body will be presented. The impact of synchrotron-based methods to geomicrobiology should be part of the discussion since the microbe - mineral interactions are increasingly recognized to control environmental processes.
The programme consists of talks given by invited synchrotron experts, a guided tour through the synchrotron radiation source ANKA and of discussions at the posters during an evening event. Poster presentations of the participants (not only synchrotron radiation based science) are welcome.

HERCULES 2008
"Neutron and Synchrotron Radiation for Physics and Chemistry or Biomolecular Structure and Dynamics"
*
February 17th - March 20th, 2008
Grenoble, France
HERCULES is a course designed for training students and scientists from European universities and laboratories in the field of neutron and synchrotron radiation. It includes a part common to both sessions during a week and a half, followed thereafter by separate parallel sessions which are more specialized. The two sessions are:
  • Session A: Physics and chemistry of condensed matter (48 full time and 10 part time participants for HERCULES 2008);
  • Session B: Biomolecular structure and dynamics (25 full time participants for HERCULES 2008).

It takes place in Grenoble, at the Polygone Scientifique Louis Néel, close to the Institut Laue Langevin and the European Synchrotron Radiation Facility.
A special one week programme in the Paris area (March 9th-16th), including lectures and practicals, will take place:

  • either at SOLEIL, Saint-Aubin (St-A), available for session A and session B participants, dedicated to a complementary synchrotron radiation programme including: soft X-rays, ultraviolet and infrared radiation and their new fields of applications;
  • or at the Laboratoire Léon Brillouin (LLB), CEA Saclay, available for session A participants and a few session B participants (upon request): experimental reinforced neutron programme.

On Tuesday March 11th, all participants will follow a common programme of lectures organized at SOLEIL, Saint-Aubin.
The course includes lectures, tutorials, practicals, and visits to laboratories.


VII. Research Course on New X-Ray Sciences
"New Materials in New Light"
*
March 5th - 7th, 2008
Hamburg, Germany

New perspectives for materials science and nano-materials

The upcoming new x-ray sources provide radiation of yet unchallenged properties:
The combination of ultrashort pulse duration, coherence and intensity is expected to provide new experimental possibilities for the investigation of materials science related problems. Experimental techniques such as pump-probe time-resolved x-ray scattering, coherent diffraction imaging, or x-ray photon correlation spectroscopy using photon energies from soft to very hard x-rays may revolutionize these investigations. Key applications to be discussed will be the investigation of the properties and of the structure of nano-materials and life-science related complex structures and the dynamics of chemical compounds and of crystalline grains in solid matter.

Program Topics:

  • Properties of ultrashort, coherence x-ray sources
  • Experimental techniques and future possibilities
  • Scientific applications of new materials from nano-materials to soft-matter.

Nordic and European Summer School
"VUV and X-ray Research for the Future using FEL´s and Ultra Brilliant Sources
*
May 26th - June 2nd, 2008
Odengĺrden and MAX-lab, Sweden

The course is open to research students from the Nordic/Baltic region and EU and associated states. A comprehensive overview of the principles of synchrotron radiation and techniques is given followed by a review of the FEL principles. In a separate part other types of sources like HHG laser sources are covered. A large part of the course is devoted to applications, including recent research from the FLASH facility. The future planned FEL laboratories and facilities for ultra brilliant SR are presented and practicals are made at the MAX laboratory. The participating students present the activities of their respective group on a poster session.


7th PSI Summer School on Condensed Matter Research
"Probing the Nanometer Scale with Neutrons, Photons and Muons
*
August 16th-22nd, 2008
Zuoz, Switzerland

As a continuation of our traditional summer school on neutron scattering we initiated six years ago an extended type of school which is called PSI Summer School on Condensed Matter Research. While the experimental methods provided by PSI to the scientific community, that is neutrons, muons and synchrotron light should still play a crucial but not exclusive role, the emphasis of the school is on a particular topic, to be defined every year. The topic of this seventh school (2008) will be dedicated to Probing the Nanometer Scale with Neutrons, Photons and Muons.
The properties of a material may be dramatically altered either when one or more of its spatial dimensions are reduced to the nanometer scale or within nanometer distances from an interface to another material with very different properties. The latter proximity effect may lead to very strong coupling between properties such as magnetism, resistivity, superconductivity, ferroelectricity, etc. In this school we will show how neutrons, synchrotron X-rays and muons can be used to probe these materials and detect new phenomena on the nm scale. Various techniques based on the use of neutrons, muons and photons (powder diffraction, small angle scattering, reflectometry, muon spin rotation/relaxation, real space imaging and X-ray circular dichroism) will be introduced and examples from the fields of superconductivity, magnetism, ferroelectricity, material science, food science and soft matter science will be presented.
The school is addressed mainly to the education of PhD and postdoctoral students without prior knowledge of neutron, X-ray and muon techniques.


Vth International School on Magnetism and Synchrotron Radiation*
October 19th - 24th, 2008
Mittelwihr, France

Aim:
  • To introduce modern synchrotron radiation related techniques for magnetic characterization.
  • To provide and/or update the useful fundamentals of modern magnetism (nano and micromagnetism, low dimensional magnetism, molecular magnetism).


Participants:
PhD students, researchers looking for an introduction or an update of their knowledge on synchrotron radiation techniques for magnetic characterization and modern magnetism. Basic knowledge in condensed matter physics is required.

Teaching:
master and practical courses. Poster sessions will allow participants to present their recent results. A one-day workshop "New trends in Magnetism and Synchrotron Radiation" presenting recent results will end the school.


HSC9: Scattering and Imaging Studies of Soft Matter Systems using Synchrotron Radiation and Neutrons*
November 16th - 22nd, 2008
Grenoble, France

Scattering and imaging are complementary methods for characterizing the behavior of complex systems in a wide range of relevant length- and timescales. The availability of intense neutron and synchrotron radiation has broadened the applications of scattering and imaging techniques to play a unique role in soft-condensed matter including biological matter science. Typically, the systems of interest show only partial order on length scales that are much larger than those of a single molecule. The dynamic properties are often very complex and characterized by several relatively slow processes. Examples include colloidal nanoparticles, polymers, elastomers, fibers, liquid crystals, foams, gels, glasses, micellar structures, emulsions and practically all biological materials. The aim of this course is to provide young soft matter scientists with an overview of the relevant scattering and imaging techniques available at synchrotron and neutron facilities, through a combination of technical information, scientific presentations, and practical courses.