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Seminars Archive

Synchrotron Infrared Beamlines at Ultra-Low Emittance Facilities: challenges and perspectives

Paul Dumas (SOLEIL Synchrotron Facility, Gif Sur Yvette Cédex , France)
Thu 17 Oct, at 10:00 - Seminar Room T2

Abstract
Many breakthrough advances at the cutting edge of technological development are and will take place in a near future at ultra-low emittance storage rings. After the first operational facility (Max IV) other are in construction (SIRIUS) and several under consideration or conception design (ESRF-EBS, SLS-2, APS-U,ALS-U,Diamond II, Electra 2.0,HEPS, SOLEIL-U, Spring-8). Many concerns have been expressed regarding the performances and/or survival of low energy beamline using the constant field emission of bending magnets. Lattice design evolution from Double Bend Achromat (DBA) to Multiple Bend Achromat (MBA) have resulted in compact sections including several bending magnets, quadrupoles, sextupoles, but with low magnetic field (roughly close to 0.5T). These two factors (compactness= medium length of bending magnets) and low magnetic field , restrict the capabilities of extracting long wavelengths , typically those which are prototypical in the infrared energy domain. Infrared beamlines are exhibiting a tremendous activity of many disciplines, and are among the most demanded beamlines from users. The performances of future infrared beamline at these new Diffraction Storage rings (DLSR) are under investigation and questioning. This talk is aiming at providing some solutions and numbers for keeping such IR activity lively and performants. The bending magnet radius being inversely proportional to the electron energy and the magnetic field, it reaches values of several tens of meters for such facilities( 40 meter for 0.5 T and E=6 GeV for exemple). As a result, collecting large horizontal constant field emission, as it is the most source of infrared emission among all facilities, become impossible and restricts markedly the flux expected. As Infrared photons are generated by two main sources: edge radiation (ER), and constant field emission (BM), edge radiation becomes an important source of infrared which should receive increasing interest. One additional restricting factor is the height of photon chamber in dipole vessel. They are quite narrow (for example 6 mm at ESRF-EBS and SIRIUS). The vertical angle of infrared emission, even with a ER emission required vertical collection angle of 10 to 20 mrad, depending upon the electron energy. Modifying the dipole chamber geometry has been considered at SIRIUS, and this will be discussed for other facilities. SRW simulations of the beam shape and flux will be presented during this talk. Considering a “pure” ER radiation, the photons flux is exploitable, and scale as , roughly, half of the BM photons. This will be show using SRW simulation. However, despite the reduced flux, the use of ER emission has a marked advantage on brightness. Large horizontal collection of infrared photons at present facilities still requires a dedicated optics to collect and propagate all emitted photons to sample. Such specific optics design has been only implemented at LNLS (ref ). The simulations show that, roughly, the future infrared beamline at DLSR can conserve their performances in microscopy, in the mid infrared region. The far infrared region ( THZ) requesting larger vertical angle for extraction, may suffer more severely, but several dipole chamber design at DLSR are under consideration, and this can releases the constraints imposed for far-IR exploitation. The initial simulations and possible extraction geometry at Elettra 2 will be presented and discussed. References [1] R.O. Freitas, C.Deneke, F. C. B. Maia, H. Medeiros, T. Moreno, P. Dumas, Y.Petroff , H. Westfahl Optics Express Vol. 26, No. 9 ( 2018 ) 11238-11249

(Referer: M. Kiskinova)
Last Updated on Tuesday, 24 April 2012 15:21