Microfabrication of sharp blazed gratings by a two-step height amplification process based on soft and deep X-ray lithography

We describe a scheme for the fabrication of sharp blazed gratings involving two cascaded steps of X-ray lithography (XRL) with electroplating (EP) steps interposed.


  Grenci, G. et al, (2014)  Sensors and Actuators, A: Physical Volume 205, 2014, Pages 111-118

The adopted iterative scheme enables the amplification by two orders of magnitude of the height of high-resolution structures of an original X-ray mask produced by Electron Beam Lithography (EBL), while minimizing the loss of lateral resolution. Nickel structures of up to 200 μm in height with blazed grating profile were obtained with <500 nm resolution details. The described approach is suitable for the fabrication of nickel structures, to be used in particular as master tools in hot embossing processes, in a broad range of optical applications requiring non-binary microstructures.

Photo: (a) SEM image of the PMMA template obtained by deep X-ray lithography. (b) SEM image of a Ni tool obtained with a growth rate of 4 μm/h. The cracking of the template, induced by stress build-up during the growth, appears as Ni ripples on the tool’ surface.

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Microfabrication of sharp blazed gratings by a two-step height amplification process based on soft and deep X-ray lithography
Grenci, G.et al.Sensors and Actuators, A: Physical Volume 205, 2014, Pages 111-118
doi:10.1016/j.sna.2013.09.036
Last Updated on Wednesday, 07 January 2015 14:58